The Sinus & Allergy specialists at Park Hill Surgery Center specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of diseases and ailments of the nose and sinuses including:
Acute and chronic sinus infection
Fungal infections of the sinuses
Tumors of the nose and sinuses
Asthma associated with allergies and sinus disease
Persistent disease after previous surgery
Complications of previous sinus surgeries
Frontal and sphenoid sinusitis
Nasal obstruction and deviated septum
Blocked nasal passages
Surgical management of Grave's disease
What is Sinus Disease (Sinusitis)?
About 37 million people suffer from sinusitis each year in the United States. The sinuses are the bony, air-filled chambers inside the skull and face. Sinus infection, also know as sinusitis, is a sinus disease that occurs when the soft tissues that line the sinuses become inflamed. The two types of sinusitis are acute or short-term sinusitis and chronic or long-term sinusitis. Acute sinusitis can develop after an allergy attack, a cold, or from contaminants in the environment. The infection is probably bacterial if it lasts 10 days or longer or if symptoms become worse again after starting to improve. Chronic sinusitis is a sinus infection that persists longer than twelve weeks. Physicians categorize the causes of sinusitis by:
- Anatomical causes—like a deviated septum or inflamed turbinates in the nose.
- Lifestyle choices—like smoking, pregnancy, and working with children.
- Infectious and inflammatory causes—associated with allergies and polyps, along with viral, bacterial, and fungal infections.
- Tumors in the sinuses and nose—these can obstruct vital drainage pathways.
- Developmental disorders—such as cystic fibrosis.
Symptoms of sinusitis include yellow or discolored discharge from the nose, as well as congestion and pressure with headaches or facial pain. Chronic sinusitis decreases a person’s quality of life and causes constant fatigue. Sinus infection may also worsen already existing asthma symptoms.
How does Sinus Disease (Sinusitis) Become Chronic?
When a person experiences recurrent sinusitis or the infection persists for three months or longer, the diagnosis may be chronic sinusitis. Bacteria can cause chronic sinus infections. Symptoms may actually seem less extreme than those with acute sinusitis, but if left untreated, chronic sinusitis may cause injury to the sinuses that necessitates surgery for repair.
The objective of sinus surgery is to flush out the infected material, expand the blocked sinus openings to permit better drainage, and retain enough healthy tissue to enable to sinuses and the nose to normally function. There are multiple types of sinus surgery, and the physician will recommend the method of surgery that is best for each patient’s specific case and disease.
Why Have Sinus Surgery?
If medications such as antibiotics, allergy drugs, or other forms of medical treatment do not get rid of a sinus infection, correct a nasal obstruction, or help the sinuses operate normally, sinus surgery may be the best option.
A physician in the field of otolaryngology, also known as an ENT (ear, nose, and throat doctor) may recommend sinus surgery if the patient experiences any of the following:
- Sinus disease ensued by a fungal infection.
- Sinus or nasal polyps.
- Chronic sinusitis persists even after other incessant or aggressive forms of treatment.
- Structural irregularities of the sinuses or nose.
- Sinus infection that has spread to bone.
- Chronic sinusitis with HIV.
- Cancer of the sinuses.
Read about Endoscopic Sinus Surgery.